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February 6   Philip II appoints Don Alonso de Guzman el Bueno, Duke of Medina Sedonia, as Captain General of the Ocean Sea in preparation for the proposed invasion of England
February 25   Mass & benediction for the endeavor offered in the Cathedral of Lisbon
May 8  Violent weather keeps the Armada pent up in Lisbon's harbor
May 30 The Armada departs Lisbon but makes little progress due to heavy winds  
June 19   The fleet puts into Corunna for fresh water & other supplies
July 22   The fleet leaves Corunna
July 26   The Armada is becalmed
July 27  A violent gale sends the fleet seeking shelter
July 29   The fleet regroups & sets off from the Scilly Islands; English ships spot the approaching Armada & report back to Plymouth; tide conditions have the English ships trapped in Plymouth harbor; beacons are lit warning of the imminent danger
July 30   After a council of war, the Armada executes its order of battle, organizes itself into a crescent formation, & proceeds up the English Channel
July 31  Lord High Admiral Howard engages the enemy; succeeds in taking two ships
August 2   The Armada continues despite periodic English harassment
August 3  Both fleets becalmed; small skirmish off the Isle of Wight
August 4   Breeze springs up; more fighting off the Isle of Wight
August 6   The Armada anchors off Calais in an attempt to rendezvous with the Duke of Parma's forces; the English anchor off Whitsand Bay; they are about two miles apart
August 7   The English launch their famed Fireship Attack, scattering & demoralizing the Spanish
August 8  Battle of Gravelines; English inflict serious damage upon the Armada
August 9  The Armada escapes into the North Sea with the English sea dogs in hot pursuit
August 12  Howard gives up the pursuit
August 19   Queen Elizabeth gives her famous speech to the troops at Tilbury (see link below)
October 7  After having been scattered by storms en route home, the last of the Armada ships limps into Corunna  

 

 

 ARMADA LINKS

Go here to read the text of Elizabeth's famous speech at Tilbury

 

ANIMATION FROM JO'S WORLD

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