MSN Home  |  My MSN  |  Hotmail
Sign in to Windows Live ID Web Search:   
go to MSNGroups 
Free Forum Hosting
 
Important Announcement Important Announcement
The MSN Groups service will close in February 2009. You can move your group to Multiply, MSN’s partner for online groups. Learn More
THE SACRED INTERNAL FLAMEContains "mature" content, but not necessarily adult.THESACREDINTERNALFLAME@groups.msn.com 
  
What's New
  
  WELCOME TO YOU  
  Messages  
  Tattoos & Things  
  Poetry & Wisdom  
  QUOTES !!!  
  Recipes Food !  
  WELCOME HOME !!!  
  General  
  Herbal Remedies  
  Backgrounds!!  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~  
  Disclaimer  
  Meet The Managers  
  OUR CHATROOM  
  Vote for Your Group  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~  
  Sacred Counselling  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Poetry & Wisdom  
  Dyn's Poetry 1  
  Dyn's Poetry 2  
  Dyn's Poetry 3  
  Dyn's Poetry 4  
  LadySAF's Poetry 1  
  LadySAF's Poetry 2  
  LadySAF's Poetry 3  
  Amoluce's Poetry  
  Amoluce's Poetry 2  
  AmoLuce's Poetry 3  
  AmoLuce's Poetry 4  
  AmoLuce's Poetry 5  
  Selected Poems from Members 1  
  Selected Poems from Members 2  
  Selected Poems from Members 3  
  Selected Poems from Members 4  
  Poetry by Known and Unknown authors  
  Words of Wisdom  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Angels  
  Angelic Alphabet  
  Names of Angels  
  Number Sequences from the Angels  
  Ten Lessons I learnt  
  Asking Angels into your Dreams  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  White Light Meditation  
  Meditations  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  What is Ascension  
  What is Ascension 2  
  Ascended Masters  
  Who Is Maitreya?  
  I am Maitreya  
  Maitreya~Ascension  
  Maitreya-Avoiding Darkness  
  Beauty-Maitreya  
  Maitreya-Consideration  
  Maitreya-Depression  
  Maitreya-Differences  
  Maitreya-Do Not Blame God  
  Maitreya~Enemies  
  Maitreya-Listening to Others  
  Maitreya~Peace  
  Maitreya-Sexuality  
  Maitreya-The Masters  
  Maitreya-The Photon Belt  
  Maitreya-The Purpose of Life  
  Maitreya-What is Love  
  Maitreya-What Makes Humanity Kill?  
  Maitreya-A Message fromQla Sri'ama  
  Maitreya-So You Profess to be Spiritual  
  Lord Lanto  
  Other Ascended Masters 1  
  Other Ascended Masters 2  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~  
  Crystals  
  History of Crystals  
  Selecting,Cleansing Crystals  
  Crystal Healing and Chakras  
  Crystals and Gems  
  Planets and Crystals  
  Diamonds  
  Stones and Healing Properties 1  
  Stones and Healing Properties 2  
  Stones and healing properties 3  
  Crystal Children  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~  
  About Atlantis  
  More on Atlantis  
  Atlantis Ring  
  Atlantian Crystals  
  Atlantis-Crystals & Pyramids  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Candles Power of Flame  
  Working With Candles  
  Choosing A Candle  
  Moon Magic  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Shamanism History  
  Role of a Shaman  
  Shamanic Practice, Tools and Rituals  
  Shamanism & Medicine  
  Shamanism in Modern World  
  Shamanism Links  
  Animal Guides A-F  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  The Astral Plane  
  Astral,Info  
  RUNES  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Incenses and Their Uses  
  Aromatherapy  
  Essential Oils List  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  CWG-Visibility  
  CWG-Unity-Power  
  CWG-Love~Fear  
  CWG Words  
  God And Evil  
  Devil and Satan  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Colours 1  
  Colours 2  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Lightworkers  
  Lightworkers 2  
  Lightworkers 3  
  Lightworkers 4  
  Lightworkers 5  
  Lightworkers 6  
  Spiritual Enlightenment etc  
  12 Principles of Oneness  
  Yin ~ Yang  
  Karma  
  Soul Mates and Twin Flames  
  Reincarnation  
  You Are Devine  
  Golden Rule  
  Your Inner Being  
  Positive Thoughts and Feelings  
  Traits of an Empath  
  Spiritual Guides  
  Psychic Attack ~ Protection  
  Feng Shui  
  7 Basic Steps of Feng Shui 1  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 2  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 3  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 4  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 5  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 6  
  7 Basic Steps Feng Shui 7  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  KARMA  
  Karma - 2  
  Karma - 3  
  Karma - 4  
  The Aura  
  The Aura and Noetic Field  
  Human Energy System and Aura  
  Pendulums 1  
  Pendulums 2  
  Palmistry  
  Reincarnation  
  Chakras 1  
  Root Chakra  
  Sakral Chakra  
  Solar Plexus Chakra  
  Heart Chakra  
  Throat Chakra  
  Brow Chakra  
  Crown Chakra  
  Third Eye  
  Eyes - Window To Soul  
  Eyes - Window to Soul 2  
  Eyes Window to Soul 3  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Wicca Traditional  
  Wicca Tradit. 2  
  Wicca Tradit. 3  
  A True History of Witchcraft  
  True History Witchcraft Page 2  
  Thirteen Laws of a Witch  
  Pagan Bill of Rights  
  ~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~  
  Celts  
  Celts 2  
  Celts 3  
  MYTHOLOGY  
  Titans - Grk Myth  
  Titans Grk Myth 2  
  Olympians- Grk Myth  
  Olympians Grk Myth 2  
  Merlin  
  Alchemy  
  Dragons  
  Phoenix  
  The Egyptian Book of the Dead  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  About Australia  
  Uluru - Ayers Rock  
  Indigenous - Australia History 1  
  Indigenous _ Australia - History 2  
  Indigenous - Cultural Heritage 1  
  Indigenous-Cultural Heritage 2  
  Indigenous - Spirituality  
  Aboriginal Dreamtime  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  First Nations Histories A-D  
  First Nations Histories E-M  
  First Nations Histories N-R  
  First Nations History S-W  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  ~Member's Pages~  
  LoneWolf's DEN  
  HP Lady Surya  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Aliester Crowley  
  Crowley's Achievements  
  FAQ's on Crowely  
  666 Page 1  
  666 Page 2  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  World of Reiki  
  Reiki Board  
  His Holiness the Dalai Lama  
  Dalai Lama  
  Acupuncture  
  Yoga  
  Crop Circles 1  
  Crop Circles 2  
  Black Holes  
  Poltergeists  
  Matriarchal Societies  
  Matriarch 2  
  Matriarch 3  
  Ascended Masters  
  Ascended Masters  
  DRUIDS  
  Thelema and Crowley  
  Crowley and Thelema2  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
  Pictures  
  Vern's Pics  
  Crops etc  
  Australian pics  
  Ruby's Pictures  
  Tattoo Pictures  
  Mythical Pictures  
  Maitreya, Lanto and others  
  Crowley and Thelema  
  Human Spirits  
  Lady's Diff Pics  
  Moon Shadow Hawk's Ar  
  Chakra Pictures  
  Wiccan Pics etc  
  Funny Pics  
  Native American Pictures  
  Pets, Animals  
  plants herbs  
  Atlantian pictures  
  Lady's Special icons etc  
  spiritual pictures  
  Crystals etc  
  Amoluces Pictures  
  Backgrounds Lady  
  *~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*  
    
    
  Links  
  
  
  Tools  
 

 
CULTURAL HERITAGE

Introduction

There are many different Indigenous cultures in Australia, made up of people from various Indigenous 'nations' and speaking their own languages.

Over thousands of years, communities of Indigenous Australians have exchanged ideas, technology and cultural practices with each other. As a result, many communities may share certain technologies but use them in different ways. Objects, such as shields and baskets, differ in their design, decoration and meaning from region to region.

Shields

Shields were made by men and used in ceremonies, dances and occasionally in defensive combat. The narrowest shields were usually used in hand-to-hand combat while large, broad shields protected the bearer against spears and missiles. The largest and most spectacular shields were made by the rainforest peoples of north Queensland, where they were painted with clan designs and colours.

Baskets

Baskets, bags and other containers are usually made by women but are used by both sexes mainly for food gathering. Some of these containers and bags are often woven from bark, human hair, pandanus and palm fronds, grasses and bush twine made from plant fibres. They are coloured with dyes made from roots, bark and other natural substances, and are sometimes decorated with feathers and pieces of cloth.

European misunderstanding of Aboriginal life

The complexity and richness of Aboriginal cultures was poorly understood by the majority of early colonists. Government legislation and policies worked against the interests of Aboriginal people but greatly benefited the pastoralists who were rapidly spreading across Australia, setting up farms and sheep stations, often with the labour of Indigenous men and women. This lack of understanding of Aboriginal ways of life and how they used the land resulted in many clashes between settlers and Aboriginal people, particularly over land and access to land, which for Aboriginal people meant food and spiritual well-being.

---------------------------------------------------
Contemporary Arts

As in the past Indigenous Australian arts today are as diverse as the people that make them. Many artists work in introduced media, such as acrylic, fabric, photography or print-making. The themes of Indigenous art reflect the range of artists' concerns and experiences: from relationships to landscapes and animals to political and social injustices.

Some forms of contemporary art, such as certain bark paintings, are based on historic practices. However, most Indigenous artists express their heritage and experiences in innovative ways which both reflect Indigenous and non-Indigenous influences.


Bangarra Dance Company

Traditionally Aboriginal ceremonies have always blended dance and drama with music and visual art forms. This tradition has continued in new ways by contemporary dance companies such as Bangarra.

Bangarra's mission is:

to maintain the link, with respect and integrity, between the traditional Indigenous cultures of Australia and new forms of contemporary artistic expression, giving voice to social and political issues which speak to all people.

---------------------------------------------------

Living Languages

'It is a mistake to dismiss our languages as part of history, and long gone. They're not. They are alive and vibrant. They are in a new phase of growth. They're part of us as the Indigenous people of the land. Our languages are the voice of the land, and we are the carriers of the languages.'
Jeanie Bell,
Linguist,
Boyer Lectures, 1993.

At the time of invasion there were over 700 different Aboriginal languages and dialects spoken in Australia. Now there are less that 250 still in use.

One of the major practices of colonists was to stop Aboriginal people speaking their own languages, which interrupted the passing of language from one generation to another. Today, many of Australia's Indigenous languages are no longer spoken as first languages. However, they live on through individual words and through varieties of Aboriginal English which incorporate the structures of Aboriginal languages.

---------------------------------------------------
Cultural Property

The unique aesthetic of Indigenous Australian cultural work is recognised all over the world. However, the marketability of Indigenous arts has resulted in many cases of exploitation: Indigenous artists' work has at times been reproduced without permission and without regard for the cultural and spiritual significance of the designs to the artist.

In an effort to protect the integrity of their work and share it with others, many Indigenous artists now make licensing agreements with manufacturers so that their designs can be reproduced and the artist can be fairly rewarded.